White cabbage is capricious, it can be difficult to grow large and strong heads of cabbage. There are several reasons to get a good harvest.
A common reason for the absence of a head ovary is low-quality seeds. Poor seed can be of different varieties, which is unacceptable for crucifers.
As a result, a hybrid will grow, which may look like a cabbage, but will not tie into a dense head of cabbage.
Before buying, you need to pay attention to the expiration date of the seed, and also try not to purchase seeds of unknown origin.
The addition of urea to the soil leads to an increase in its acidity. Cabbage is finicky and will form a head only on soil with neutral acidity. The optimum pH level is between 6.5 and 7.5. If the indicator is less than 6.5, treat the soil with dolomite flour and wood ash. For prevention, slaked lime can be added to acidic soil in the fall.
Diseases can affect seedlings during their ripening period. If the plant has not yet had time to get stronger, and pests have already attacked it, there can be no talk of heads of cabbage. Cabbage is often attacked by snails, slugs, flies, aphids, cruciferous fleas.
To instill in a culture resistance to diseases, it should be fed with complex fertilizers in a chelated form.
To protect against pests, after planting, the seedlings are treated with insecticides, the leaves are powdered with mixtures of tobacco, black pepper and ash. Leaves gnawed by caterpillars will no longer be able to form ovaries.
On hot days, cabbage becomes especially demanding on water. If you water it rarely or not abundantly, then it will experience a lack of macro- and microelements, and the leaves will not form ovaries. Cabbage should be watered every 5 days from early July to mid-August. Half the volume of water must be poured into the grooves, and the rest is distributed by sprinkling.
If you plant seedlings too tightly, then the bushes will constantly fight among themselves for moisture and nutrients. It may also just be lacking in certain nutrients in the soil. This will weaken the cabbage and lead to a decrease in immunity and fruiting.
Seedlings should be fertilized with humus or compost and ash.
In the future, it should be fertilized at the root and along the leaf. Please note that oversaturation with nitrogen composition is unacceptable, always feed strictly according to the manufacturer's instructions.
The best time to plant cabbage is mid-April. It is not recommended to do this earlier, as it can freeze slightly, which will slow down its development. Despite this, cabbage does not like high temperatures. She feels most comfortable at +17 ... + 20 ° С.
Do not plant cabbage in shaded areas. The place should be well lit. Also, plantings should not be thickened, this can also lead to a lack of light and, accordingly, the absence of ovaries.
Complaints from gardeners that cabbage heads are poorly tied can be heard often. And what do they not do! Sometimes it comes to the ridiculous when they recall folk wisdom: when planting seedlings in the ground, you should often grab your head tied with a towel or scarf. But before you make friends and relatives laugh, you need to figure out why the heads of cabbage are not tied up and how to water them for this?
Most often, the cause of a spoiled vegetable is vascular or the so-called mucous bacteriosis. In this case, the veins of the cabbage leaf turn black, resulting in a black mesh. Also, the leaves can wrinkle, dry out and become transparent. But there are a number of other factors that can lead to this problem. Let's consider them in more detail below.
Causes of blackness in a head of cabbage:
If we are talking about improper storage of vegetables, then this can happen as a result of low oxygen access, as well as with the development of certain harmful microorganisms.
Gray mold causes an unpleasant mildew odor and gray coating. It is important to remove all affected areas in time, otherwise damage to all products cannot be avoided. If the rotting leaves are removed in time, and the head of cabbage is well washed, then the cabbage can be eaten.
Fusarium wilting can occur in a vegetable that grows in dry weather. As a result, you can see the darkened points of the vessels. As a result, cabbage becomes completely unsuitable for food.
Alterniasis leads to very rapid decay. They begin to separate easily from the head of cabbage.
In some cases, several heads can be tied on the culture. The reason for the ovary of several heads of cabbage often lies in damage to the apical sprout bud of the vegetable, from which a rosette of leaves forming the head of cabbage is formed, as a result of which new leaf shoots emerge from the spare buds on the stem - the ovary of the head of cabbage. A similar process occurs when the head of the cabbage is cut off long before its full ripeness, which occurs in July-August. After cutting, the culture has time to give new shoots, and the grower will receive an additional harvest from smaller heads of cabbage. This manipulation is especially effective in warm autumn with any kind of white cabbage. Gardeners often use this feature to their advantage to get a second harvest of cabbage.
If the presence of extra cabbage ovaries is unnecessary for you, pinch off unnecessary shoots and leave only one. It is important to know that in this case there is a risk of death of the vegetable and if the head of cabbage has not increased in size, then it is recommended to remove the plant from the garden.
I really love cabbage salads, early varieties are best for this. They quickly form heads of cabbage, tender and juicy. An early variety of cabbage is always present in my garden, a little - 10-15 roots. In a summer borschik, a salad with apples leaves before the mid-season varieties ripen.
Although early cabbage usually has medium-sized heads of cabbage, it pays off with its rapid growth. Also, early varieties put up with cramped and poor soils, unlike their later counterparts.
Heads of cabbage are formed 76 days after full germination. This variety is not only suitable for fresh consumption, but can also be stored for up to four months in a cool place. Excellent head of cabbage, not loose, but not too tight either - good pleasant taste, no bitterness.
A very early hybrid - ambassadors of planting seedlings, heads of cabbage ripen in 40 days. And if you sow seeds, then the harvest is ready after 60-70 days. The cabbage is beautiful - light green in color, inside the head of cabbage is yellow-cream. Heads of cabbage are small in size, medium density - weighing about 1.5 kg, without bitterness. Grows well under temporary shelter and in beds. Not damaged by flea beetles and rot.
This hybrid ripens 90-115 days after germination. Heads of cabbage of medium density, small - up to 1300g in weight. Stable, productive variety - ripening amicably, heads of cabbage do not crack, they have an excellent presentation. Calmly tolerates cold, does not get sick. On fertile soils, it gives high yields.
A popular, common early variety of cabbage. The crop can be harvested 2 months after transplanting. Heads of cabbage are light green, dense, can be planted often. In spring, it can easily withstand short-term frosts.
June cabbage variety
Ripe heads of cabbage can be harvested 90 days after the first shoots appear. Heads of cabbage are dense, rounded, green outside - straw-colored inside with delicate tasty leaves. Weight is usually up to 1.4 kg. Does not burst and retains well during outgrowth. Pleases with stable, high yields, feels fine in thickened plantings.
Large hybrid with heads of cabbage up to 6 kg. Rich green upper leaves and light yellow inside, small stump. When overgrown, it does not crack and does not lose taste. Very high taste of the head of cabbage. Can be stored for a short time, resistant to diseases.
Usually, mid-season and mid-late varieties are taken for salting. Mid-season varieties are also suitable for summer cooking.
A well-known popular variety that ripens 115-120 days after germination. Good fresh and for pickling. Sauerkraut turns out to be of excellent taste. Round-flattened head of cabbage weighing up to 5 kg. With light green top leaves and white inside.
A mature variety, ripening on day 137-147 after full germination. Leaves are dark green with a strong waxy bloom. The stump is small inside, the heads of cabbage are dense, weighing up to 3.5 kg. High yielding variety, excellent taste, crack and disease resistant.
Medium late variety ideal for fermentation. Medium-dense rounded heads of cabbage weighing up to nine kilograms. The leaves are juicy, sweet, white and creamy. The variety is resistant to many diseases of cabbage and flea beetles. Stored up to five months after harvest.
Medium late variety, ripening 120-135 days after sowing. Perfect for pickling - the cabbage turns out to be juicy, tasty, spicy. Heads of cabbage are flattened about 4 kg in weight, the upper leaves are green with a waxy coating. The inner ones are white or light green.
Cabbage variety Gift
A mid-late ripening hybrid, the period before harvest is 140-160 days. Leaves are bright green with slight wrinkling with a noticeable waxy coating. The head is medium, round, dense with white leaves inside. The stump is small inside. Good taste. It is good in vegetable salads and preparations for the winter.
Mid-season hybrid with very dense crispy leaves, very small stump. Weight up to 4.5 kg. With a long standing on the vine, even with a rainy summer, the heads of cabbage do not crack or rot. Stored after harvesting up to 4 months with preservation of excellent taste. Perfect for fermentation - the taste is pleasant. Not affected by diseases. The variety is keel resistant.
The most productive hybrid of the Dutch selection. From the emergence of the first shoots to harvest, 105 days pass. Heads of cabbage are rounded up to 15 kg in weight, good taste. Cabbage is leveled in size and does not crack when excessive moisture is present. Suitable for fresh consumption and processing. Great for fermentation.
Medium late grade. Green on the outside in the cut is white. Heads weight up to 2.8 kg. Good, great taste. Good in salting and pickling. Resistant to diseases, can be stored for several months.
Late ripening varieties are selected for storage. They develop for a long time, they have dense heads of cabbage, and are often stored until the next harvest. Late varieties are not afraid of spring and autumn frosts. Suitable for storage and salting, but cabbage turns out to be rougher, not as juicy and tasty as from earlier ripening varieties.
This is one of the best late varieties. In all regions, it shows a high yield, it can be stored for up to six months. The head of cabbage is round-flat, very dense, weighing up to 4.5 cm. It does not require careful maintenance; it grows well by itself. Yields in unfavorable conditions, resistant to cracking.
Late Belarusian variety. The period from germination to harvest is 155-167 days. Round heads of cabbage of dark green color with a strong waxy coating. Weighing up to 4 kg. Resistant to cracking. Very dense heads of cabbage, well kept. It tastes good when fresh, but excellent in sauerkraut. Stored in the cellar until April. The variety is resistant to root rot.
A well-known late variety, it takes 150-160 days before harvesting. The leaves are gray-green in color with a bright waxy bloom. Flat dense heads of cabbage greenish-white inside weighing up to five kg. A productive variety, ripens amicably. Heads of cabbage do not crack, they are resistant to decay.
Late variety (145-160 days). The head of cabbage is dense, flat-round, weighing up to 4 kg with good care. Inside, the leaves are juicy white with good taste without bitterness. This variety can be used to prepare baby food. The harvested crop is stored for up to 7 months and does not rot. Delicious when fermented. Resistant to diseases and pests, it tolerates transportation well.
Snow White variety
Late ripe, suitable for long-term storage and fresh preparation. The head of cabbage is medium up to 3.8 kg, very dense, outside the leaves are green with a bloom, white on the cut. The stump is small. Excellent taste, fruitful hybrid.
Late hybrid ripening 150 days after sowing. Differs in high taste, leaves are juicy, white without bitterness. Heads of cabbage weighing up to 5 kg. round, dense, suitable for salting, fermentation, fresh consumption. The stump is short. Cabbage Kolobok is well stored practically until April. The hybrid is resistant to many diseases, so you can get large yields with it without the use of chemicals.
Many cabbage varieties were left without attention, but the most popular and productive cabbage varieties with photos and descriptions are shown in this article.
Good afternoon, dear readers!
Answering the question of why cabbage cracks in the beds, every seasoned vegetable grower will say that the main reason for the appearance of even the smallest cracks on the heads of cabbage is an excess of moisture, which is directly absorbed into the cabbage leaves. The appearance of excess moisture has several important reasons that need to be considered first.
These include frequent rainy weather, sudden changes in temperature, and infrequent and inconsistent watering. Sometimes the belated picking from the beds also leads to cracks in the cabbage heads. And sometimes the varieties themselves can be prone to cracking due to their properties. This is especially true for early ripening varieties.
It is worth remembering that cabbage is a very moisture-loving plant. This means that it requires constant watering. It so happens that few people live in garden plots, and come there from time to time, for example, on weekends, when work allows. And this, in the end, leads to infrequent watering. Therefore, cabbage heads unevenly absorb moisture, and after the next watering, they simply crack.
This can be explained very simply. After visiting the dacha and watering the beds, gardeners return home until the next weekend. At this time, the soil remains without moisture for almost a week. And on a subsequent visit to the dacha, they suddenly water it again. Cabbage in this situation tries to absorb as much water as possible. This results in rapid growth of inner leaves against a background of slow growth of outer leaves. And the intense growth as a result leads to cracks in the outer layers of the head. The same explanation can be applied to sharp temperature jumps. Cracks are the result of constant droughts and unexpected heavy rains.
What can you do to prevent the appearance of cracks in the cabbage heads in the beds? In order for the cabbage to stop cracking and give a good harvest next year, you should think about the drip irrigation method. The organization of such watering will allow cabbage heads to absorb moisture evenly, in constant small portions. Then, with sudden changes in temperature, it will not crack. If it is not possible to make drip irrigation, then you should think about the location of the cabbage beds where groundwater passes near the surface. This can be near a well or near a pond.
With frequent droughts, drainage from the beds should be done. Then excess moisture will be constantly removed from the cabbage, and it will not absorb it in excess. Some gardeners go to small tricks, namely, they raise the cabbage heads above the beds or slightly rotate each bush along the axis. Due to this, the root system of the bushes is damaged, but not completely, which leads to less moisture consumption. But these methods are very risky to use, as you can lose the entire crop.
Often times, cracking of heads of cabbage can stop timely harvesting. If small cracks begin to appear on the cabbage, this means that it is ripe for a long time. In this case, cracks appear due to the fact that the head of cabbage is ripe and its growth has long ceased, and its roots still supply moisture. It is worth remembering that cracked cabbage heads should not be prepared for storage for the winter. They will just go bad. But for the manufacture of various blanks, they are perfect.
Now you know why does cabbage crack in the gardenOh and you will be able to deal with it somehow. Read also about why cabbage does not tie a head of cabbage, and also why cabbage rots. See you!
In order for cabbage to form heads of cabbage more actively, you can help it in various folk ways.
Take 100 g of yeast and 0.5 l of jam. Dissolve all this in a bucket of water and place in a warm place for fermentation. Before watering with this agent, moisten the entire cabbage bed well with water heated in the sun during the day. Then dilute 1 cup of the mixture obtained after fermentation in 10 liters of water. Pour the cabbage with this solution at the root - 1 liter per bush. You can use such a tool no more than once every three weeks.
When the ninth leaf appears on the plant, you can make such a top dressing. Dissolve 0.5 liters of fresh slurry and 40 g of wood ash in a bucket of water. Leave it on for a few days to allow excess ammonia to disappear from the solution. Before feeding, as in the previous case, first water the bed abundantly. Then pour 1 glass of solution under each bush. In the middle of summer, repeat the feeding again.
And now the recipe for foliar dressing, which has a very good effect on the appearance of heads of cabbage.
Dissolve 2 g of boric acid in 1 liter of hot water. Add 9 liters of cold water to the resulting solution. Spray plants with this composition in dry weather. After 7 days, apply another foliar feeding - this time with the Ovary preparation (dilute according to the instructions).
As you can see, you can help your cabbage and influence the tying of the heads. She will thank you for this, and you will indulge yourself with crispy pickles all winter.