Ornamental flowers: 5 varieties to make every environment very colorful

THE ornamental flowers they are the ones that are used to embellish and make several indoor and outdoor spaces more colorful, such as balconies, gardens or apartments.

Generally, this type of plant can be cultivated both on the ground and in pots; obviously, the problems encountered by the specimens vary according to the type of management that is chosen because a plant grown in the garden will certainly have different needs and problems to deal with compared to the ornamental flowers grown in the apartment.

Ornamental flowers and some tips for growing them

The advice we can give you when you decide to plant ornamental flowers in the open ground is that of evaluate your garden well (exposure, soil pH and composition, tools you have available) to choose which floral species is best suited to be cultivated.

In the event that the land at your disposal does not have the right characteristics, know that with details corrective products and with specific drainage works to avoid stagnation of water, you will still be able to recover from the situation.

Easy to grow and beautiful to look at: they are ornamental flowers

When you grow ornamental flowers outdoors, it will be necessary to perform actions such as fertilizing, mulching and weeding, in order to keep the soil always rich in nutrients and free of threats; as far as irrigation is concerned, this will depend on factors such as the species of plant chosen.

If, on the other hand, you choose to grow ornamental flowers on the balcony or in the apartment, the challenges you will face will be different: wind and rain will certainly not be a problem, but factors such as exposure or the climate of the environment that hosts them could affect the health of the plant if not managed in the best possible way.

Now that we have seen what to do in general what to do when dealing with ornamental flowers, let's see on which varieties and specimens to focus on to make any environment at your disposal colorful and lively.

Loropetalum chinense, one of the most particular ornamental flowers

The lorepetalum chinense it is an evergreen shrub whose main characteristic is that of having red colored foliage.

In its Rubrum variety (the most widespread), the distinctive feature is the presence of leaves that go from red to purple color, as well as the presence of splendid pink ornamental flowers that appear in spring.

In short, a chromatic contrast that will surely be able to satisfy the aesthetic needs of many both indoors and outdoors.

The topsoil to use to cultivate it is that acid reaction (just like in the case of acidophilic plants like azaleas and rhododendrons) and make sure this is indeed fertile and well-draining.

Another important advice is the one on the position of the plant: make sure that it receives lots of sunlight if you want to see these beautiful flowers adorn your terrace or garden.

Carissa grandiflora: a truly fragrant ornamental flower

Also the carissa is an evergreen shrub.

Its leaves are of oval shape, bright green and leathery and they are so thick as to form a very dense and impenetrable crown; in addition, its branches are endowed with thorns, making it a particularly dangerous ornamental flower for the more careless green thumbs.

The varieties of this plant are many and they also boast interesting dwarf specimens, whose development, of course, remains more contained, so much so that it never exceeds one meter in height.

There flowering of the plant occurs in the period from spring to summer and the ornamental flowers produced are of rare beauty: they have 5 white and fleshy petals that emanate a splendid perfume, enough to recall jasmine.

After flowering, the carissa gives of the oval fruits whose color can range from orange to brown.

The secret to cultivating it at its best? Lots and lots of light.

Weigelia florida: the secret is in the leaves

There weigelia florida (especially in its variegated version) is a particularly ornamental flower recognized and distinguishable by its foliage, which has a bright green color embellished with a creamy white variegation.

Unlike the others, wigelia is an ornamental flower deciduous, so much so that in winter it loses them completely.

The plant looks like a shrubby bush very compact and small in size (it grows more in width than in height), so much so that it can be grown in any condition.

His flowers appear in the period from May to July and appear on the youngest branches of the plant: they appear as bunches of pink bells.

The secret to good flowering lies in one adequate fertilization of the plant (with specific products for garden plants), in one good location that allows her to receive sun for about half a day e a land that leaves no room for the fearful water stagnation.

A touch of color in your garden

Hebe, an ornamental flower named Veronica

The hebe they are particularly sought after and widespread ornamental flowers for their decorative value.

These are evergreen plants that reach maximum i 2 meters high; their leaves are oval, of a uniform color ranging from green to yellow throughout the summer.

The flowers, on the other hand, turn out to be gods ears composed of many small purple, pink or white flowers (the color changes according to the variety you grow).

Again, hebe is an ornamental flower that to develop it needs light and which must be protected from sudden frosts or in any case from the cold during the winter.

Jasminum multipartitum, an amazing climber

If you are looking for a climbing variety of ornamental flowers that will cover and beautify a bare wall, we recommend you the multipartitum jasminum.

It's about a climbing plant whose leaves are a beautiful glossy green and which blooms in the months ranging from spring to summer with pink buds that form of star-shaped flowers and composed of about 9 or 11 petals.

This plant should be grown in one sunny position and sheltered because it is a variety that particularly suffers from cold and water stagnation.

If you want abundant flowering, fertilize the plant in early spring: You will not regret it!

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House in bloom

This section is dedicated to gardening, to those who love flowers, nature and even animals. Here you enter the web part of the Casa in Fiore magazine, which has been with us on newsstands every month for more than 20 years. Since Casa in Fiore always comes out as an attachment to Cose di Casa, we have decided to make it an important section of the site as well, to reach everyone, even those who have never leafed through the paper newspaper.

With Casa in Fiore it will be possible for everyone to grow a plant, a jar, a vegetable or a tree. Everything is told about plants at home, in the garden or in the vegetable garden: cultivation, care and multiplication. But not only. There is a section dedicated to the cultivation of vegetables and fruit trees, there are some tasty recipes for cooking what is harvested at any time of the year.

Casa in Fiore will also accompany you in the world of pets, especially dogs and cats.

And then there are ideas and suggestions for setting up flower boxes and flower beds, or for preparing amazing bouquets and centerpieces, suitable for different occasions.

As always, we rely on our authoritative collaborators. In short… Casa in Fiore on the site is one friendly guide to keep just a click away, to solve problems, help and find new solutions in the gardening sector. Let's see the different sections in detail.

The bulbs

Did they give you a hyacinth or a tulip? Once it has faded, don't throw it away, you can plant the bulb in a pot and let time take care of its rebirth. Tulips and hyacinths, like daffodils, are spring flowering bulbs, so the planting period is from October to the end of December. From March to the end of May you can plant dahlias and gladioli, which are destined to bloom during the summer. Eliminate the earth and arrange the bulbs in a cassette or a paper bag: remember that the bulbs, placed in the dark in a dry and airy place, sheltered from frost, will wait in vegetative rest until the following year.

Evergreen trees: 10 varieties to plant in the garden

Designing a garden that is luxuriant, flowery and fragrant all year round means choosing the right perennials, such as lavender, and the perfect evergreen trees to embellish and make our small or large green space unique.

In botany with evergreen trees we refer to those plants which, unlike deciduous trees, do not lose their leaves all together during the season considered unfavorable (cold in temperate zones and drought in torrid zones).

Warning: this does not mean that evergreen plants never lose their leaves. In fact, these are plants whose foliar apparatus undergoes a gradual and constant renewal during the bud period, thus ensuring a thick and green foliage throughout the year. Depending on the species, the foliage can be persistent and resist on the plant for several years but over time the leaves are still renewed.

Evergreens are plants that are generally widespread in areas with humid tropical climates, however they are also not lacking in areas where temperatures are colder and the persistent nature of the leaves does not endanger the health of the plant. Some species, such as holm oak and myrtle, are part of the dense vegetation that forms the Mediterranean scrub.

Among the most well-known evergreen plants there are certainly conifers that have branches always covered with leaves and a continuous exchange of needles with the exception of the common larch, a tree native to the mountains of central Europe, the Alps and the Carpathians that loses all its foliage during the winter and therefore falls into the deciduous plant group.

Other evergreen species are broad-leaved trees, a group of plants with broad leaves with a broad leaf which also includes fruit trees, such as the olive or almond trees, perfect for gardens of all sizes.

If you want to change the look of your garden and are thinking of planting evergreen trees, we recommend ten varieties that will make your green Eden more beautiful and harmonious.

Evergreen trees: 10 varieties to make the garden more beautiful

Are you looking for ideas to decorate your garden and create functional and aesthetic shaded areas? The answer is the evergreen trees and we advise you ten variety among the most beautiful to plant.

1) Eucalyptus: originally from Oceania, and particularly widespread in Tasmania, New Guinea, Australia and the Philippines, it is part of the family of Mirtaceae. It is a genus of evergreen tree whose name derives from the Greek words ε ὖ, well, and καλύπτω, to hide, with reference to the petals that hide the rest of the flower. If in Australia the eucalyptus trees exceed even 90 m in height, in Italy the dimensions are smaller and are around 25 m. The eucalyptus needs to be exposed in full sun and cannot stand the freezing winds that cause the loss of leaves. The flowers are white, creamy yellow, pink or red, depending on the species and the foliage is wide, oval or irregular, with persistent but renewable leaves.

2) Olea europaea: the olive tree, or olive tree, is one of the longest-lived evergreen and broad-leaved trees that in particularly favorable climatic conditions can live up to a thousand years and reach a height of about 15-20 m. Originally from Asia Minor and Syria, it belongs to the family of Oleaceae and it has been cultivated since ancient Greek and Roman times. Perfect for balconies, terraces and gardens of all sizes, the olive tree can be grown both in pots and in open fields, taking care to choose a sunny area sheltered from cold winds. The flowering of the Mediterranean plant par excellence varies according to the areas and includes the period between May and the first half of June. The flowers are collected in about 10-15 inflorescences in clusters called "mignole" and the foliage has a conical shape with pendulous or patent branches or arranged horizontally with respect to the stem.

3) Magnolia grandiflora: or evergreen magnolia, it is an ornamental plant of great charm with a wide, thick and conical-shaped foliage with an intense green color. Native to the south-east of the United States of America, magnolia grandiflora can reach 20 m in height and belongs to the family of Magnoliaceae. Its name is a tribute to Pierre Magnol, the French botanist who first introduced the plant to Europe by opening the doors of his botanical garden in Montpellier. For a luxuriant growth the plant needs a semi-shaded position and a well-drained but slightly moist soil. In spring the plant gives a splendid flowering with white, fragrant flowers with large and fleshy petals.

4) Common juniper : known in botany as Juniperus communis, is a tree belonging to the family of Cupressaceae and genre Juniperus. It is an easy to grow and hardy plant that prefers warm climates but can also be grown in areas where temperatures are colder. It needs a sunny or partial shade position and can reach 10 m in height. The foliage consists of fragrant, dark green leaves that resemble tiny needles. The flowers appear in late spring or early summer and from the female ones the berries are born (also known as "cuddles" or, in botany, galbuli) with beneficial properties used in phytotherapy, cooking and liquor for the production of aromatic liqueurs.

5) Rate: the Taxus baccata is a very long-lived tree with a double reputation. The yew, in fact, is known as the "tree of death" because of the taxin, the active ingredient responsible for the toxicity of the plant, but its ability to withstand time has also made it a symbol of immortality. Taxin is contained in the leaves and seeds of the berries and becomes dangerous for humans and animals if ingested. The yew has a slow growth and can reach a height of between 10 and 20 m. The foliage is often irregular with needle-like, but not pungent, dark green leaves while the flowers are small and dioecious. The plant with its characteristic reddish bark lives well both in the shade and in full sun and prefers moist and well-drained soils.

6) Cork oak: the Quercus suber is an evergreen plant that belongs to the family of Fagaceae and is native to southwestern Europe and northwestern Africa. It is a monoecious plant that reaches a height of about 20 m and has a wide and globular crown with green and leathery leaves with an oval or oblong shape. The inflorescences are unisexual and the flowering is from May to June. In Italy it is particularly widespread in Sardinia, Sicily, southern Tuscany and in the rest of the world it is found in France, Spain, Croatia and Greece. The ideal position is in full or partial shade and for the first 10-15 years it is necessary to protect it from the cold winter winds to allow for healthy and luxuriant growth.

7) Cinnamon: it is the evergreen tree from which the famous spice used in kitchens all over the world is obtained. Originally from Sri Lanka, it is part of the family of Lauraceae and the height varies between 10 and 15 m. The foliage of the Cinnamomum verum it is dense and rounded in shape with oval and elongated leaves about 18 cm long and 5 cm wide. The flowers, grouped in inflorescences, are small, white and fragrant. It is a plant that loves sunny and bright places and does not tolerate temperatures below 10 ° C and cold winds.

8) Cedar of Lebanon: the Cedrus libani is a majestic and fascinating tree, native to the Eastern Mediterranean and widespread in Lebanon, Syria and southern Turkey. It is a species belonging to the genus of Cedrus and to the family of Pinaceae which can reach 40 m in height. It has been cultivated in Europe since the end of the eighteenth century. The younger specimens have a conical crown that changes appearance over time and becomes more expanded with even very low horizontal branches not far from the ground. The Cedar of Lebanon is a gymnosperm therefore it has no flowers but male strobulae (commonly called pine cones), with a gray-greenish color, and female. The leaves, up to 3 cm long, are needle-like and dark green in color. It is a plant that prefers sunny locations, but also grows well in partial shade areas and is not afraid of wind and cold temperatures.

9) White fir: known in botany as Abies alba, also called common fir, abezzo or avezzo, it is native to the forests and mountains of the northern hemisphere. In Italy it is found in the Alps and the Apennines. L'Abies alba it is an evergreen and monoecious plant, about 30 m tall but specimens that can even exceed 50 m are not rare. The dark green leaves are persistent and needle-like with needles from 1.5 cm to 3 cm long and 1.5-2 mm wide with a rounded tip and smooth margins. The crown, pyramidal in shape, has a dark green color and in the adult specimens is characterized by a flattening called "stork's nest". It is a tree that loves the mountain climate and shade, it can survive even at very low temperatures such as - 25 ° C. but suffers from the late frosts typical of the valleys.

10) Holm oak: the Quercus ilex, also known by the name of elce, it is an evergreen and broad-leaved tree belonging to the family of Fagaceae and genre Quercus. Distributed in the countries of the Mediterranean basin, particularly widespread in Algeria and Morocco, in Italy it is found in the islands and along the Ionian, Tyrrhenian and Ligurian coasts, in the Prealps, on the Euganean Hills, in Friuli Venezia Giulia, in Romagna and in the Bosco della Mesola in the province of Ferrara. It is a very long-lived tree and can reach a height of 20-24 m. The foliage is dense, round and dark with persistent leaves 3-8 cm long, 1-3.5 mm wide, lanceolate or elliptical and dark green on the upper side and greyish on the lower one. It prefers a position in full sun but also grows well in partial shade corners of the garden and cannot tolerate cold temperatures

Do you love intense colors? Choose hibiscus and bougainvillea and roses: the jasmine climbing tree will prune the aroma of summer, while a sapling of Japanese azalea it will light up the balcony with its intriguing flowers, which usually bloom between April and May. The pots of daisies are easy to manage and do not need too much care: the best time to take care of its delicate and simple flowers is in spring.

Notes on the author

For over 40 years the Pinzaglia nursery in Bassano in Teverina (VT), of which Francesca Pinzaglia has been the owner since 1987, represents an authority in the field of green care and maintenance and in the field of design. Francesca is an expert in garden design and in the creation of green spaces and, over time, has extended the activity of the nursery to about three hectares of land in the municipality of Bassano in Teverina, immersed in an unspoiled natural environment. For Francesca, plants represent much more than a job: you can immediately understand it from the attention to detail and the great variety of plants available to the nursery.

Il Vivaio di Francesca offers a wide and complete collection of herbaceous perennials and shrubs, appreciable for their different colors and shapes.

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Seasonal flowers of December

We close our roundup of flowers with the last month of the year, which has inherited heather and ornamental cabbage since November. Let's see which are the seasonal flowers that bloom in December.

  • Holly, ornamental plant with typical red berries perfect for Christmas decorations
  • Calicanto, a very fragrant flowering tree that thrives in summer and blooms in December.
Still life with calicanthus branches

  • Camellia with winter flowering, it offers wonderful fragrant flowers without fear of the winter frost
  • Pansy, extremely resistant to cold, gives abundant blooms
  • Christmas Star, certainly needs no introduction especially in this period of the year
  • Hellebore, it blooms in December even under the snow
  • Verbascum thapsus with very delicate yellow flowers
  • Rosemary, a well-known aromatic plant with an intense scent that gives delicate blooms
  • Narcissus, in pots or in the ground, the large quantity of hybrids guarantees flower beds that are always blooming
  • Buttercup, small and very pretty, it is often used for winter weddings. It offers a wide variety of colors: white, pink, purple, burgundy
  • Mistletoe, plant with white berries, symbol of good luck
  • Amaryllis, very scenic plant, has very particular flowers, with colors of various shades: white, red, purple but also mottled, shaded and striped
  • Yellow winter jasmine, a particular variety of jasmine with double flowering, one in spring and one in winter, characterized by the appearance of many yellow flowers on its branches
  • Snowdrop, delicate and strictly white, they are the symbol of the end of winter as they appear towards the end of the season after the snow melts

For more information:

  • Edible flowers: perfect for decorating dishes but also good to taste
  • The rarest flowers in the world, what they are and where to find them

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